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新浪教育(2)

发布: 2017-11-11 17:25 | 来源:www.jptranslate.com | 查 看:

  通过听录音要求考生判断对话者一方、双方或其他人的方案与实施情况,是高考听力测试常涉及的考点。这类题目的特点是涉及面广,信息量大。但一般不须推理,只要听清、听准其细节,就能选出正确答案。如一段对话出现go shopping in the morning, have lunch at home, go for an outing in the afternoon, watch TV in the evening等。针对这类情况,其问题常是某人打算做什么或先做什么、后做什么或在什么时间、地点做什么。因此考生在听录音时要注意动作发生的时间顺序及动作之间有无必然联系。有时对话中出现一连串动作如sit down, open your mouth, say"ah"等,则可根据三个动作关系判断这是在医院看病。如:

  5.What is Tom going to do before he goes to the shop?

  A.To have class at 3:00. B. To borrow some books.

  C.To visit his friend.

  录音原文:

  W: Tom, are you going straight home after school today?

  M: No, I still have class till 3:00, and then I'll go to the library to pick up a few books and do some shopping before I go home.

  [透视]此题答案是B。录音中女士问汤姆放学后是否直接回家。汤姆回答"不"。接着便谈他的打算:①去图书馆;②去购物。问题问的是汤姆去商店之前打算做什么,B项为去借书,而借书应当是到图书馆,故选B。

  考点五:听录音推理判断

  听录音推理判断主要安排在第二节"较长的对话或独白"中,因为高考听力测试不但要求考生能听懂简短对话,而且也要听懂较长对话。对话越长,涉及的信息就越多,因而对考生的要求就越高。在较长对话中,较多情况下,说话者通常都不直接说出自己的观点,而常用委婉甚至有意用拐弯抹角的方式间接作答,这样就能较有效地测试考生从较长对话中捕捉有用信息,并运用所听信息进行分析、推理、判断。如:

  6.听下面一段对话,回答①-③小题。

  ①When will the plane take off?

  A. At 7:35. B. At 9:35. C. At 10:35.

  ②How long does it take to get to London by air?

  A. Two hours.

  B. Three hours.

  C. Two hours and a half.

  ③Who wants to leave for London?

  A. The man. B. The woman.

  C. Nobody.

  录音原文:

  M: Excuse me. Is there any direct plane to London from here?

  W: Yes. There is one on Sunday,Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

  M: When does it leave on Wednesday?

  W: At 7:35 in the morning.

  M: And when will it arrive?

  W: At 10:35.

  M: OK. Thanks.

  W: Not at all.

  [透视]答案分别为A,B,A。本段对话谈论关于飞往伦敦的航班起飞和降落等情况。第一问问起飞,只要听清楚At 7:35 in the morning,便可直接得出答案;第二问问飞行的时间,只要将起飞时间7:35与到达时间10:35进行简单运算,不难得出3小时;第三问问"谁去伦敦",根据录音,男士向女士打听去伦敦的航班情况,显然是男士想去伦敦。

  考点六:听录音理解语篇

  语篇(即独白)题体裁多样,有故事、新闻报道、历史传说,议论、说明、通知、广告、信件等,听力测试题往往要求考生通过听录音:①准确获取信息、运用信息的能力;②既理解具体的事实也理解抽象的概念的能力;③既理解表层意思,也理解深层含义,包括作者态度、写作意图等"弦外之音"的能力;④既能根据所听到的材料内容去理解,也能结合自己应有的常识去理解的能力。另外,高考听力题材料具有新颖性和时代性,如internet、WTO等信息都可能涉及。如:

  7.听下面一段独白,回答①-③小题。

  ①Why did the old man stop his car?

  A. Because his car broke down.

  B. Because his car was hit in the back.

  C. Because the traffic lights turned red.

  ②Who were in the police car?

  A. Two policemen.

  B. Two young women.

  C. An old man and a young man.

  ③How did the policemen feel when they saw the old man was all right?

  A. Worried and sad.

  B. Surprised and pleased.

  C. Nervous and sorry.

  录音原文: